Emma Round is fairly new to the world of activism. After leaving an abusive relationship she found feminism and began devoting what little spare time she had to helping raise awareness about women's rights with regards to domestic violence & mental health. When 2009 arrived she found she had become physically disabled which, after a period of adjustment, left her able to devote a lot more time to the two causes that were closest to her heart, disability and women's rights activism. She believes in both national & local scale activism so devotes as much time to fighting potentially damaging national legislation as she does to trying to ensure her local council makes pavements accessible for all. She blogs at Pseudo-living where she tries to raise awareness and support campaigns. She supports DPAC (Disabled People Against Cuts), the Black Triangle Campaign, the Fawcett Society and Object as well as being a active member of the Green Party.
Kate: [speaking, chatter and laughter in background] register later...and anyone who hasn't shown up for the requisite number of minutes will be given lines afterwards.
So we're going to move on to the next section of the programme and we're gonna hear, well, we're going to hear about disabled women's rights. I'm not going to try and pre-empt what's going to be said, because I actually don't know what we're going to hear about, in much more detail than that. But I'm going to sit up here, and keep an eye on things as we go, so could you please give a very warm welcome to Emma Round.
Emma: If you bear with me whilst I manoeuvre.
Hi then, well hello! I'm Emma and as you can probably see I'm a wheelchair user, and that stems from a lot of abdominal nerve damage that's been done over the last decade or so, but all of it started with a simple thing, appendicitis of all things. And what you can't see is that I've also got post-traumatic stress disorder as well. So when I'm speaking to you today I'm not just talking to you from a physical disability standpoint, it's also a mental disability standpoint as well.
Now, I'm telling you this, not because I want your pity, not because I expect your pity or anything like that from it, but because I want to try and raise awareness that anyone, anybody in this room even if you don't think of yourself as disabled currently, can become disabled. Actually, you probably will. In today's Britain, if you look at all the 65 year olds, one in two of them are covered by the Disability Discrimination Act. One in five working age adults are covered by the Disability Discrimination Act. Even if you don't think of yourself as disabled currently, changes are you will be, or someone extremely close to you will be, and you'll be dealing with it as some stage in your life.
There's a myth that the majority of disabled people are born with disabilities, but that's not actually the case. In fact the vast majority of disabled people in the United Kingdom becomes disabled once they pass the age of eighteen. That's something that's always really important to bear in mind. I want to impress just from the start that disability is everywhere, and it is everybody's issue.
So, that bit over, today I want to outline what I'm going to talk to you about. First I'm going to start of by giving a quick primer on disability language and how we talk about it in the United Kingdom, as opposed to the United States. Then I'm going to move on to problems faced by disabled people in general, and I'll focus a bit more on problems faced by disabled women. Then I'm going to talk to you about current issues in the disability rights movement and finally I'm going to finish off by talking about feminist spaces and access, and explaining why access is important for everybody.
Okay then, so if we start off with this little primer. There are two big models when it comes to thinking about disability; there's the social model, and there's the medical model. The medical model says: Emma Round's got nerve damage and because of her nerve damage, she can't get from A to B. So Emma's disability is her nerve damage.
The social model, on the other hand, comes at it from a different point of view. It says: Emma Round's got nerve damage, but because she's got a wheelchair, that should be enough to get her from A to B, that more than compensates for it. But because of poor civic planning, because they put a step in the way, they've not built a lower kerb, that's what disables me. And in the U.K we heavily focus, and we've fought for years to focus on the social model, so you won't hear us talking about people with disabilities, you'll hear us talking about disabled people or disabled women, because we don't want to make it sound as if the disability is something to do with the person, the disability is a societal issue. You'll also hear us talking about disableism instead of ableism, as some of you might have heard, and you'll hear us talking about non-disabled people rather than able-bodied people. This is because the able-bodied thing puts the slant that disability is a very physical thing, it ties in to the stereotype that all disabled people use a wheelchair, and that's actually not very helpful when it comes to battling for disabled people's rights.
So with that out of the way, I'm going to have a quick look at some of the problems that disabled people face in the United Kingdom today. Now I just want to quickly start by saying disability rights is an absolutely gargantuan field, it's hugely intersectional; there are massive intersections with race, with class and so on and so forth. But I really don't have time to cover it all in just under half an hour, so you're going to have to bear with me when I only focus on the intersections between disability and women's rights today.
Now, disableism is the assumption that everybody you meet is not going to be disabled. That they are going to be a non-disabled person. And it's also the marginalisation and the othering of disabled people that comes along with it. And this is done through unhelpful stereotypes, and making disabled people invisible from the general discourse. And this has huge effects on disabled people in Britain. For example, if you look at employment just to start with, there's a pay gap where a disabled person can expect to earn between six and twenty six percent less than an able-bodied " sorry, non-disabled person. Say "don't say it!" and it's the first thing in my mind. [Chuckles from audience] I apologise. And then if we have a look at disabled women in particular, in comparison to a non-disabled women I can expect to earn twenty-two percent less. And we already know that non-disabled women have a huge pay gap. And this isn't just because of disability. If it was, we'd expect a pay gap of twenty two percent when it came to disabled men in comparison to non-disabled men, but it's not, it's much lower, it's half of that in fact, at eleven per cent. It's pretty huge, and I mean, this isn't something " this is something that's still currently going on. If we look at 2011 for example, seventy seven point five per cent of non-disabled people managed to find themselves work, only forty eight point eight per cent of disabled people did, in contrast to that. And of course this isn't all about finding work either, when we look at employment, it's about keeping work. As I said at the start, lots of disabled people, or the vast majority of disabled people become disabled after the age of eighteen, whilst they're working. But, if we look at after a year in employment, eighty per cent of people that have become disabled whilst working for a company managed to keep their jobs. That's twenty per cent fall out of employment. After two years, only sixty per cent manage to keep their job. And after three years, that goes down to just thirty six per cent of people. And our employment rates are very, very low as well, like less than one in five people with learning disabilities manages to find employment. About one in ten people with mental disabilities. And so on and so forth. I mean, we want to ask ourselves why this happens.
And there are a couple of reasons, you'll hear me talking about these two quite a few times. There's direct discrimination, and then there's indirect discrimination. Direct discrimination is when people make assumptions regarding our capabilities and our backgrounds. They see a disability, they don't see a person. And there's also, it ties in with the unwillingness, or just simple lack of knowledge, about things like the Disability Discrimination Act, what reasonable adjustments are, or just how to go about getting funding for them. And then there are things like indirect discrimination, which is a lot more pernicious, and often isn't talked about so much. And that's when companies do things like linking performance pay and promotion opportunities to people's " oh, where am I, sorry, mind gone blank " to either people's ability to work lots of overtime, to work long, long hours or, horrendously, for people that have low levels of absence. Which makes it really, really difficult for somebody with disabilities who's going to need a lot of time off or can't manage to do long hours, and so on and so forth, to progress within a company. It also comes in when there are restrictions to part time working, flexible working and home working within businesses. And I'm sure you'll see parallels between that and the women's rights movement arguing for the advancement of the same.
And this sort of lack of employment opportunity, ties in to poverty and disabled people's financial situation. In the U.K, at the moment, depending on where you live, between twenty-one and thirty-three percent of households with a disabled person inside them live below the poverty live, in the United Kingdom. And that's because disability is really expensive. Taxis, lovely wheelchairs [pats wheelchair], they don't come free of charge. Adaptations to your house. Personal assistants or carers, depending on how you want to talk about them, all cost money, they don't just appear free of charge. And the amount of financial help we get to try and offset these problems is actually quite limited. People think automatically: charities! Why don't you go to a charity if you need a new wheelchair, or so on and so forth. Charities don't tend to hand out new wheelchairs, they don't hand you a cheque every month for a hundred pounds to make up for the extra costs of being disabled. They tend to be more there in an advisory capacity, or perhaps to give selective care in the community or running refuges or so on and so forth.
And then we look at local authorities and social services, but they're a bit of a postcode lottery. There's no nationalised standard that seems to come in to effect. My local council, for example, doesn't like to give money to disabled people who've got friends or family that can potentially care for them which increases dependancy upon those people. My local council won't give me a wheelchair ramp, so I can get my wheelchair in and out of the house on my own, because it's not necessary enough. These sort of things all tie in to this postcode lottery, I'm sure if I perhaps lived in a more affluent area, or with a different council that perhaps but a greater emphasis on adult social care that might be different.
If we move away from local authorities, we're left with welfare after that. We look at things like employment support allowance, the new name for incapacity benefit, which now comes with annual tests for an awful lots of us, where we go and are assessed by an independent company called ATOS, who are a huge bugbear of the disability rights community. They're heavily criticised, because seventy per cent who go on to appeal their decisions, with legal help, or forty per cent of people who go on to appeal their decisions without, have their cases over turned, and are then awarded disability benefits, which they wouldn't have been awarded beforehand. They're a huge problem " I'm not going to go into that so much now, because I could talk about that for hours. Then there's Disability Living Allowance, which is something that people don't tend to understand too greatly. It's a non-means tested benefit, which is supposed to be there to all disabled people to make up for the extra costs of living in Britain. A disableist society. But it's very hard to get hold of it, you actually have to be quite severely disabled to start with.
When I first applied for it, they told me I wasn't disabled enough and didn't have the needs. It took a long time, well, eighteen months of appealing to get them to admit that actually, it is a bit more costly when you're a wheelchair user to get around. And all of this works to enforce dependancy, on people, on family and friends. Which is a huge problem, and this is where this becomes predominantly a women's rights issue. Because the people who end up caring for disabled people, and who tend to end up being responsible for looking after them are disproportionately women. Carers either from within the family, or employed by the state are normally female. They also tend to work extremely long hours, they have a huge lack of social support and they tend to work in a very challenging role for very little pay. If you're receiving carer's allowance, you get a whopping great fifty five pounds per week, for your twenty four hours a day, seven days a week care for somebody who must be, who will have to be getting Disability Living Allowance, so who is quite profoundly disabled.
I mean if we move away from just carers, if you have a think about disabled women for a moment, there's a huge power imbalance when disabled women become dependant on their partners and their families to look after them, especially when those partners are male. We talk about one in four women being subjected to domestic abuse in the U.K, well, one in two disabled people are subject to some form of abuse at home; be it, emotional, financial, physical or sexual. If you look at women, that figure rises even more. It's terrifying. And there is a huge, huge lack of research being done in that field. And it's really, really hard for disabled women, especially if they're in an abusive situation, to get out of it. Imagine that you can't communicate easily with other people, but the person you rely on to do your communicating for you is the person stealing your money, is the person berating you day in and day out for being a burden, for being too much hard work. How do you get out of that situation? How do you contact the police if you can't leave the house, if you can't run away without assistance? If the council trusts that person to be looking after you. It's...oh, it's horrible.
And I mean, to move on, there are other issues around sexuality; there's always this stereotype that disabled people are pretty sexless, that we don't enjoy sex, which is just complete rubbish in most cases. Of course there are asexual disabled people, and there are disabled people who aren't asexual, just like with the rest of the population. But at the same time, there's this other rather extreme position that tends to get ignored, in which disabled women, in particular, tend to get fetishized by certain minority groups. And they tend to objectify and dehumanise these women, and be extremely threatening in many cases. Quite happily following you around town, trying to grab a feel if you're not looking particularly well, because they think it's their right, it's the patriarchy in action. And then there are huge issues around reproduction. From forced sterilisation and the horrible pillow angels cases that have been coming up recently, consent issues, fertility issues, being able to access fertility treatment, support for disabled parents, the way that social services tends to be involved from day one with a disabled parent because there's this assumption that we're not safe to leave children with. That all needs challenging.
And that's not even going on to body image issues, which come about when we normalise the perfect appearance and the perfect personality, being that of somebody who's non-disabled.
A very, very quick nutshell of some of the big issues going on in the disability world, if we look at what's going on currently, it's disabled people fighting for their basic rights to live. Over the last fifty years, we've made some huge leaps forward in the United Kingdom. The social model has been much more widely accepted, Disability Living Allowance has been brought in which wasn't before, the Disability Discrimination Act came into effect, the Equalities act in 2010, and all through it, disabled activists have had this mantra: Rights, not Charity. Where we say, we want the right to live an independent life, we don't want to have to survive on handouts, off pity, off very subjective charities that only deal with a very small subset of disabled people, providing funding for them. Now in 2010, the coalition came in to power over here and the Big Society started getting lauded and heralded. And there's been this slow change from Rights not Charity to Charity, not Rights. Where the idea is we should depend on our neighbours for help, we shouldn't depend on social services, we should depend on charities for handouts. We shouldn't expect welfare to cover us. And it really scared a lot of activists, understandably.
We noticed a huge rise starting after that, in the scapegoating and demonisation of disabled people across all aspects of media. Horror stories about motobility; a child with a slight twitch in their finger and their parents getting a fifty thousand pound BMW free of charge, living in a mansion and having holidays paid for in Mauritius. Which is just absolute bull. But as a result, we've seen a huge spike in disability related hate crime, and it's terrifying for many of us. There are groups like Black Triangle Campaign trying to fight against this at the moment. They named themselves the Black Triangle Campaign after the black triangles that disabled people used to have to wear in 1930's Germany, and I know a lot of people are very against comparing anything to the Nazi's, or to that period of time, but there are huge parallels to be drawn between the "useless eaters" rhetoric that Hitler used to push and their propaganda, and the Daily Mail, and The Express doing stories about "How much a disabled person costs Britain" and how they don't give anything back to society, and it scares a lot of us.
And then last year, the Welfare Reform Bill was announced, which is where we think all of the scapegoating and things was leading to, well, quite clearly. It involves reforming Disability Living Allowance, making it harder to get. There's a nought point five per cent fraud rate when it comes to Disability Living Allowance; it's tiny. Yet they're taking twenty per cent of people off Disability Living Allowance when it gets transformed into these personal independence payments coming in to replace it, which is just ludicrous. When it comes to ESA, they now want anybody who's getting it to [?] work related activity, even though, even if you're in a work-related activity group, or the limited capability group of Employment Support Allowance, you've been deigned as somebody who's been unable to work, and is going to need time and help and assistance to get back on that horse, if you ever manage to.
They've said they're going to reduce the amount of time people are going to get contributions-based DSA. This is what your national insurance payments go towards. Beforehand, you paid in for three years, you got an extra bit of money back for the whole time you were sick or disabled. Now that stops after a year. Your cancer might not go away after a year. Your motor neurone disease probably won't either, but the payment's stopped.
And they're also abolishing the Youth Provision " beforehand if you became disabled, or were born with a disability, you got DSA because it was said: there's no chance for you to pay into the system, it's only fair. Now you get that for one year after you've turned eighteen, or you've left full time education, and that stops.
There's big changes to housing benefit, they're capping the amount that goes in and they're taxing any extra bedrooms. Disabled people's houses tend to cost more. We need them in specific locations, so they're close to doctor's and services. We need them to be adapted for our needs. We tend to need a second bedroom, because that's where our dialysis equipment goes, or that's where our carers sleep. But it doesn't matter, it's still going to be taken out of us. They're also scrapping the social fund, they're scrapping the independent living fund. All these things are used by disabled people to try and live an independent life.
And then there are other issues, that affect everybody, especially every woman. Like changes to the child support agency, where now, if your partner leaves you, you're going to have to pay to have them chased up; a certain proportion of your income is going to be taken out of that. And then there's the removing of child benefit from some of the very poorest families, by bringing in the twenty six thousand pounds a year benefit cap.
Now we've been working really, really hard to challenge all of this, so there's groups like the Black Triangle Campaign challenging scapegoating, Disabled People Against Cuts, or DPAC, have come together to try and oppose all these austerity measures. I mean, this January I was down in Oxford Circus with a lot of them. I chained my wheelchair across the road to stop traffic and try and get some awareness raised about these issues of which there seems to have been a media blackout. Then there was the Responsible Reform Report or Spartacus Report, which was set up by a group of grassroots disability rights activists to raise awareness and to ac as a critique for the Disability Living Allowance reform.
They found out that only seven per cent of the organisations in the Disability Living Allowance reform consultations actually supported fully the change to PIP even though the government will tell you that they were overwhelming in support. They discovered that this rise in the Disability Living Allowance that people hear spoken about is actually mainly from people being diagnosed with learning disabilities and mental disabilities, not a huge rise in people with bad backs who are just trying to fiddle the system. They discovered ninety per cent of people were opposed to the assessments being brought in for PIP, that we currently undergo with Employment Support Allowance, and so on.
Now I'm sure that you can imagine getting disabled people together, to work together, to try and form a grassroots campaign is really, really difficult. We can't just go out and meet down the pub. A lot of us can't just go out of our bedrooms. So we've found the internet has been amazingly helpful when it comes to bringing people together. Facebook, Twitter and such, have given us a voice, and allowed us to work and network together in ways that we couldn't have done thirty years ago. It has also inspired a lot of disabled people on their own, like myself, to start taking a move forwards and doing something about it, so contacting our local councillors, contacting our MPs, contacting local newsrooms to try and get our stories out, and at the same time to try and get the stories of disabled people all over the country out and given air. A lot of these ideas have been really helpful incorporated into the women's rights movement, as well.
And having spoken about that, I want to just quickly finish up with talking about how we can feminists spaces, so online and offline, more accessible to people; something I'm often asked about. When it comes to offline, we need to look at the two " direct and indirect ways they can discriminate against disabled women in particular. The direct ways, so the physical access, the location, does it have ramps, is there an accessible toilet there, do you need some British Sign Language interpreter. The person might have a carer. That carer, if it's a friend or family member, which it's very likely to be, might be male " how is your group going to cope with that? Is the lighting good for people with visual impairments? Is there an awful lot of surplus background noise for people with hearing impairments? Is there somewhere for people to park? There are websites like Disabled Go, for example, where you can just type in the name of a venue and if they've been assessed, it will give you all of this information, it will give you all the answers. There are places you can go to look to find this stuff out. You don't have to have a degree in the subject.
But then we also need to look at things like indirect access, which is atmosphere, nine out of ten times. We don't want to turn up to an event and be treated as some sort of curiosity. I can't begin to count the amount of times I've turned up somewhere, and before anyone has asked me my name or said hello, it's "What's wrong with you, then?" or "Why are you in that wheelchair?" which is normally followed up by a quick explanation from me, and then some very helpful comments about how reiki cured their Mum when she had a broken ankle, so my abdominal nerve damage will be fixed by exactly the same. There's this assumption of a lack of expertise which all comes in to the stereotype that disabled people don't really know what's best for them at the end of the day.
Then there's things like there being a lack of descriptions, especially if you're showing pictures or something like that for people with visual impairments, there being an exclusionary language used. I don't want to go into a room hear people using the word 'lame', as a word synonymous for 'rubbish' because it upsets me. I don't want to go into a room and hear people talking about folks being 'mental' or 'crazy' because as somebody with mental health problems I find that really exclusionary, it makes me feel really uncomfortable. And I know the same is true for an awful lot of other people. Some people don't mind, others do.
And when it comes to on-line, the same kind of issues apply. There's direct access, so blogs and websites and so on, they need to be something that's accessible, they need to be easy to go through. It might be really funky to have an interesting layout, but that needs to be addressed. And also, the comments need to be moderated as well.
So that's kind of everything, I'm rushing towards the end, but I'm looking forward to taking any questions about it, I think Nat's got something to read out from Becky [gesturing off camera].
Kate: So, sorry, Nat, how long do you want us to take for questions?
Nat: [off-camera] ten, fifteen minutes?
Kate: Okay, so obviously Emma's here, so if you've got any questions, go for it.
[Silence, some murmuring off camera]
Question 1: What do you mean by living independently when you're disabled?
Emma: Okay, it's not being dependant on another person to be able to do the things that most people would take for granted. Not talking about being able to get myself out to the cinema, or go show-jumping [laughs] or something like that, but more being able to wash my hair on my own, being able to feed myself, being able to get a drink without having to rely on somebody else's good will to get it done. To give an example from my own life, I became disabled back in 2009 and I was living in a privately-rented house, which I'm still in. Hopefully, I'll be out of there in a couple of weeks now, but there's stairs in it, and my kitchen is downstairs and my bathroom and bedroom are upstairs, and so I need help, everyday, if I want to go up and down the stairs. If I want to get between my kitchen and my bedroom, if I'm having a day when I can't move, quite often I'll go without eating, because there's no-one there to feed me, to bring me food, or to help me, and I can't manage the stairs safely on my own. The amount of times I've fallen down them is just ridiculous. The bathroom in our house, I've got normal bathtub with a shower over the top of it, and I can't step over that. I can't get myself in, and I can hardly keep myself up when I'm standing to wash my hair, so I need somebody there with me. The council, because I've got a partner won't provide any care or any payment for somebody to come along there and do it, so I'm completely, in many regards, dependant on my partner for everything, and I don't think that's right. My life suddenly becomes completely controlled by what he's willing to do. He's not paid for it and because he's a student he can't be there all the time. He's got his own life to lead, as well, and it leads to me feeling like I'm greatly lacking any great independence or autonomy. And that's kind of what we're trying to fight against. Does that help answer it at all?
Question 2: Do they then pay you for disability...
Emma: I get Disability Living Allowance which took a very long time to come through, and was a very hard fought battle and I get higher rate care and mobility, because they admitted that I needed quite a bit of help with care because of my situation. But, unfortunately, if you look at how much it costs to hire a personal care assistant, and then if you look at the seventy pounds a week I get for my care component; paying a carer seven pounds an hour would only buy me ten hours worth of care. And I don't always know where I'm going to need that, my condition fluctuates a lot. Some days I'm able to do a lot more, and some days I'm not able to get out of bed. And I'm morphined up to the eyeballs. So it varies, you don't know when you're going to need to call one in. Being able to call one in at short notice is also really, really difficult. And then there are other things which that money has to go on. I can't cook for myself because I can't bend to get down to my low oven, and I can't bend to get to my freezer. So, I can do a microwaveable meal, and that's if I can get myself downstairs to the kitchen to do it, and those aren't particularly cheap, especially if you want to try and eat something nutritious, which again, is something I tend to have to do because I've got a lot of damage inside my abdomen, which messes with my bowel and the like. So, it all starts adding up, and it eats away at that money in no time flat. Just to start with.
Question 3: So are you not a priority on the housing?
Emma: I am, now. I'm the highest priority, and we're having a huge amount of trouble with this. We finally got on to the Housing register this December (2011) and we got invited to our first accessible house in January and we were so excited about it, and we got there and thought Oh this is a really lovely area and it's really, really affordable and the lady opened the front door to the flat we were going to look at and it was a first floor one, and there was a flight of steps leading up behind the doorway [laughs]. We said: Are they putting a stairlift in? And she said: Oh no, you'd have to bid on it, and then ask the Council if they'd put a stairlift in.
But because I can get out of my wheelchair and walk a couple of feet, even though it causes extreme pain, I'm seen as somebody who doesn't need that extra support. I don't need an NHS stairlift because I can walk two feet. [sarcasm] It's why I don't need a wheelchair ramp to help me get a heavy beast like this out of the big step down from my back door. Because I could step over that, even if I couldn't go any further. I should be able to lift this [gestures at wheelchair, laughs] hundred kilogram wheelchair down as well as myself. It's ludicrous and you don't think that this is going to be the case when you become disabled. I didn't. I thought I'd rock up to my GP's surgery and they'd adapt my house, and I'd get all the wheelchairs I needed and I'd have enough money to live on and carers and [makes a circle gesture with hands] and, âï¿½¦ it's not the case at all.
Question 4: So you must be on anti-depressants, as well?
Emma: Um, I don't, because of the post-traumatic stress disorder, I don't take those but it's a huge problem. On that side of things.
Audience member: I like your personality!
Emma: Well, thank you very much!
Audience member: âï¿½¦ I expected you to be pulling down and want pity but you're such a like, you know, i'm just like you...
Emma: Well, that said, and it's kind of, well it's really really difficult. I was Geology graduate, I was going to work doing lots of interesting geological mapping, I was going to go to Iran, see if there was gold in them there hills and these were all the big plans when I was younger, I didn't think about the rest of the world all that much, and then all of a sudden, everything changes. And it gives you a new perspective. But at the same time, there's a lot of room to challenge it and a lot of room to find these things. So I"m trying to do the best I can, as are a lot of other people
Audience member: [not really sure what she's saying here]
Kate: Does anybody else have questions?
Question 5: What's the best way of lobbying for change?
Emma: We found that putting political pressure on people is important. There's this idea that you can keep hitting the disabled community, and they can't say anything back, and they won't say anything back and if they do, people will ignore them. So, we've been letter-writing, we've been tweeting, we've been phone-calling, we've been faxing, we've been blogging, we've been doing everything we can to try and raise awareness. I mean, one way which is really, really helpful and people don't think of it as being that big a deal is challenging the really hurtful stereotypes. When you hear this 'scrounger' rhetoric starting and this "I know someone with depression who gets everything free of charge" and all the rest of it, saying: Really? You've seen them behind closed doors? You're their doctor? Do you understand that to get Disability Living Allowance you have to send your Doctor's details along.
I made the mistake and didn't, and that's why it was denied the first time through, and why I ended up in appeals for eighteen months. You don't just get given ESA because you say you feel a bit glum, it's extremely difficult. That's why the fraud rates are so, so low. And it's challenging it, and it's challenging these assumptions about disability. And that's just a really helpful way that anyone can do of trying to change the public discourse about it and make all of our lives a bit easier.
Question 6: What are the challenges it helps to have concrete examples. In my office, we've had three cases of whiplash in the last year. Not serious, these are minor injuries, but one of the women had a quick conversation with the insurance company and probably was the least damaged of the three. [mumbling] an ongoing issue which she didn't feel was quite enough to actually deal with and one of the guys had about six months of arguing with the insurance people about not being able to move his shoulder and, you see the disparity?
Emma: Well, a lot of it, it's not about how [airquotes] disabled you are, if you want to look at it in those terms, it's kind of about how well you can argue that to people, which is where these huge intersections again, race, class, communication and such, really start coming in. Because if you're not in a situation to fill out these incredibly challenging forms, read between the lines, do your Freedom of Information request to find out what the criteria is so that you can actually work out what words need to be there, and I'm telling you, they need to be precise. My GP in her letter said: Emma can't even manage to walk thirty metre without collapsing. And they said 'Well that means you can walk twenty nine just fine.' I mean, it's this kind of precision and the difficulty is a huge issue that needs to be addressed.
Question 7: I was just wanting to touch on what you were saying about social services because I work within the [?] section I haven't ever had to go into work with [something something] that's meant they've been in a wheelchair, etcetera, or been physically less able but I have had to go and work with lots of women with learning difficulties and I think the presumptions from lots of professionals and the lack of expertise you hold as professional but in that area which is about understanding how somebody's capacity [inaudible]
Emma: Well, that's it, its very difficult for a lot of people. You see these horrendous sort of assumptions that because somebody can't verbally communicate or can't verbally communicate very well, that that means they've got intellectual issues, they can't be a caring and compassionate parent, which, when you think about it logically, is complete and utter rubbish. But there's stereotypes still hold and it's an absolutely huge challenge and they need dealing with and it's extremely difficult to do so, because a lot of people don't want to think about disability in serious terms. We don't like the idea that we could become disabled and I'm pretty sure that when I said one in two of you by the age of sixty-five were thinking: Oh, that poor person next to me. It won't really be me. [laughter from audience] And it's all set up psychologically to defend us and to look after us. But it's a gigantic barrier to try and cross when you're trying to convince people that this is their issue, and it probably will be them, actually. It's horrendous.
Transcribed by: Amelia from Silence Cupcake.